Khaitan Steel Forgings
Khaitan Steel Forgings
Amraiwadi, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
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Hot Die Steel

Manufacturer of a wide range of products which include hot die steel, hot die steel h-11, hot die steel h 13 and hot die steel h 21.

Hot Die Steel

Hot Die Steel
  • Hot Die Steel
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Approx. Price: Rs 140 / KilogramGet Latest Price

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ApplicationPharmaceutical / Chemical Industry, Oil & Gas Industry, Automobile Industry, Construction
MaterialSteel
ColorSilver, Grey

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Hot Die Steel H-11

Hot Die Steel H-11
  • Hot Die Steel H-11
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Approx. Price: Rs 60 / KilogramGet Latest Price

Product Details:

MaterialSteel
Modulus of elasticity207 GPa
Melting point1427 degC

Chromium hot-work tool steels are designated as group H steels according to the AISI classification system. This series of steels start from H1 to H19. The most commonly used chromium hot-work steels are H11, H12, and H13, which can be air hardened in 150 mm thick sections. The steels are subjected to minimal distortion during hardening due to their balanced alloy content. The tools produced from chromium hot-work steels can be cooled using water without damage as these steels have low carbon and alloy contents. This article will give an overview of H11 chromium hot-work steels, which have low carbon content and good toughness. These steels can be deep hardened by heat treatment and air-quenching.


Chemical Composition:
ElementMinMax
Carbon, C 0.320.42 
Manganese, Mn-.--0.50 
Silicon, Si 0.801.20 
Molybdenum, Mo 1.001.50 
Chromium,Cr4.50 5.50 
V 0.300.50 
Co-- -- 

The physical properties of H11 tool steels are given in the following table:

PropertiesMetricImperial
Density7.81 g/cm 30.282 lb/in 3
Melting point1427°C2600°F

The mechanical properties of H11 tool steels are tabulated below:

PropertiesMetricImperial
Hardness, Rockwell C (air cooled from 982°C, 45 mins)52.552.5
Hardness, Rockwell C (air cooled from 1010°C, 45 mins)5656
Hardness, Rockwell C (air cooled from 1038°C, 45 mins)5757
Modulus of elasticity207 GPa30000 ksi
Modulus of elasticity (@538°C/1000°F)159 GPa23000 ksi
Modulus of elasticity (@204°C/400°F)190 GPa27500 ksi
Charpy impact (V-notch; air cooled from 1010°C;535°C temper temperature)13.6 J10.0 ft-lb
Charpy impact (V-notch; air cooled from 1010°C;650°C temper temperature)27.1 J20.0 ft-lb
Charpy impact (V-notch; air cooled from 1010°C;370°C temper temperature)33.9 J25.0 ft-lb
Machinability (1% carbon steel)75.0 - 80.0%75.0 - 80.0%
Poisson's ratio0.27-0.300.27-0.30

The following table shows the thermal properties of H11 tool steels:

PropertiesMetricImperial
Thermal expansion (@20-100ºC/68-212ºF)11.9 x 10 -6 /ºC6.63 µin/in°F
Thermal conductivity (@100ºC/212ºF)42.2 W/mK292.9 in/hr.ft².°F

Other designations that are equivalent to H11 tool steels include:

   
AFNOR Z 38 CDV 5AMS 6485SAE J438
DIN 1.2343AMS 6487SAE J467
UNI KUAMS 6488UNS T20811
JIS SKD6ASTM A681AISI 610
B.S. BH 11FED QQ-T-570ASTM A579
AMS 6437SAE J437MIL S-47262
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Hot Die Steel H 13

Hot Die Steel H 13
  • Hot Die Steel H 13
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Approx. Price: Rs 60 / KilogramGet Latest Price

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Poissons ratio0.27-0.30
Thermal conductivity28.6 W/mK
MaterialSteel

Chromium hot-work tool steels are designated as group H steels according to the AISI classification system. This series of steels start from H1 to H19. The most commonly used chromium hot-work steels are H11, H12, and H13, which can be air hardened in 150 mm thick sections. The steels are subjected to minimal distortion during hardening due to their air-hardening and balanced alloy content. The tools produced from chromium hot-work steels can be cooled using water without damage as these steels have low carbon and alloy contents. This article will give an overview of H13 chromium hot-work steels, which contain strengthening agents such as vanadium and molybdenum. These steels are resistant to softening at elevated temperatures due to the presence of chromium content.


Other designations that are equivalent to H13 tool steels include:

  • AFNOR Z 40 COV 5
  • DIN 1.2344
  • UNI KU
  • JIS SKD61
  • SS 2242
  • B.S. BH 13
  • ASTM A681
  • FED QQ-T-570
  • SAE J437
  • SAE J438
  • SAE J467
  • UNS T20813
  • AMS 6408

Heat Treatment:
  • H13 tool steels are preheated to 816°C (1500°F).
  • Then the steels are directly heated by increasing the temperature to 1010°C (1850°F) followed by holding for 15 to 40 mins

Forging:
  • H13 tool steels are forged at 1079°C (1975°F).
  • For this type of steels, forging below 898°C (1650°F) is not preferable.

Annealing:
  • H13 tool steels are annealed at 871°C (1600°F) and slowly cooled at 4°C (40°F) in the furnace.

Tempering:
  • Tempering is carried out in H13 tool steels from 538 to 649°C (1000 to 1200°F) to obtain Rockwell C hardness of 53 to 38.
  • Double tempering can also be performed in these steels for every one hour at the preferred tempering temperature.

Chemical Composition:
ElementMinMax
Carbon, C0.320.42
Manganese, Mn1.100.50
Silicon, Si0.801.20
Molybdenum, Mo1.001.50
Chromium,Cr4.505.50
W----
Vanadium, V0.801.20
Co----

The physical properties of H13 tool steels are given in the following table:

PropertiesMetricImperial
Density (@20°C/68°F)7.80 g/cm 30.282 lb/in 3
Melting point1427°C2600°F

The mechanical properties of H13 tool steels are tabulated below:

PropertiesMetricImperial
Tensile strength, ultimate (@20°C/68°F, varies with heat treatment)1200 - 1590 MPa174000 - 231000 psi
Tensile strength, yield (@20°C/68°F, varies with heat treatment)1000 - 1380 MPa145000 - 200000 psi
Reduction of area (@20°C/68°F)0.50.5
Modulus of elasticity (@20°C/68°F)215 GPa31200 ksi
Poisson's ratio0.27-0.300.27-0.30

The following table shows the thermal properties of H13 tool steels:

Properties Conditions 
T (ºC)Treatment
Thermal expansion10.4 x 10 -6 /ºC20-100-
Thermal conductivity28.6 W/mK215-
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Hot Die Steel H 21

Hot Die Steel H 21
  • Hot Die Steel H 21
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Approx. Price: Rs 60 / KilogramGet Latest Price

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Thermal conductivity27.0 W/mK
Shear modulus80.0 GPa
Bulk modulus140 GPa

Tungsten hot-work steels are of different types, namely, H21 to H26 types. These steels have similar characteristics to that of high-speed steels. The primary alloying elements in tungsten hot-work steels include tungsten, chromium, carbon, and vanadium. They are resistant to distortion when they are air-hardened, and have higher hardening temperature when compared to chromium hot-work steels. Breakage of the tungsten hot-work steels can be reduced if they are preheated to operating temperature before use. Thermal shock resistance and toughness of these steels can be improved by reducing the carbon content.


Other designations that are equivalent to AISI H21 tungsten hot-work tool steels include:

  • DIN 1.2581
  • JIS SKD5
  • B.S. BH 21
  • UNI X 28 W O9 KU
  • ASTM A681
  • FED QQ-T-570
  • SAE J437
  • SAE J438
  • UNS T20821
  • AFNOR Z 30 WCV 9

Heat Treatment:
  • This process requires the H21 steels to be preheated to 816°C (1500°F) and then heated rapidly to 1177°C (2150°F).
  • Then these steels should be held at the same temperature for 2 to 5 minutes and finally air cooled or oil quenched.

Forging:
  • Forging of the H21 steels can be performed at 1150°C (2100°F) down to 927°C (1700°F) but not below 899°C (1650°F).

Annealing:
  • Annealing should be performed at 885°C (1625°F) followed by slow furnace cooling at a temperature less than 4°C (40°F) per hour.

Tempering:
  • Tempering of the H21 steels is performed at 593 to 677°C (1100 to 1250°F) to realize Rockwell C hardness of 54 to 36.

Chemical Composition:
ElementMinMax
Carbon, C0.25035
Manganese, Mn-.--0.60
Silicon, Si-.--0.40
Molybdenum, Mo----
Chromium,Cr2.003.00
W9.0010.00
V0.300.50
Co----

The physical properties of H21 tool steels are given in the following table:

PropertiesMetricImperial
Density8.19 g/cm 30.296 lb/in 3
Melting point1432°C2610°F

The mechanical properties of H21 tool steels are tabulated below:

PropertiesMetricImperial
Hardness, Rockwell C40.0 - 55.040.0 - 55.0
Bulk modulus140 GPa20300 ksi
Shear modulus80.0 GPa11600 ksi
Poisson's ratio (25°C)0.27-0.300.27-0.30
Elastic modulus190-210 GPa27557-30458 ksi

The following table shows the thermal properties of H21 tool steels:

PropertiesMetricImperial
CTE, linear12.4 μm/m°C6.89 μin/in°F
Thermal conductivity27.0 W/mK187 BTU-in/hr-ft 2 °F

The following table shows the thermal properties of H21 tool steels:

PropertiesMetricImperial
Processing temperature (tempering)595 - 675°C1100 - 1250°F
Processing temperature (tempering)1095 - 1205°C2003 - 2201°F
Annealing temperature (hardening)870 - 900°C1600 - 1650°F
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Ajod Dairy Road, Opposite Gravity House, Near Keval Kanta Gujarat Bottling, Rakhial
Amraiwadi, Ahmedabad- 380023, Gujarat, India



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